Spinach

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SPINACEA OLERACEA

Épinards  Spinach   Espinacas   Spinat

Crop Rotation Group :Chenopodiaceae (Beet family)spinach

Soil :Rich soil that has been generously amended with fully composted manure or another high-nitrogen compost. Use raised beds in clay soil.

Position : Sun to partial shade.

Frost tolerant : Yes, survives winter with mulch in many climates.


Companionage

Helps: Brassicas, cauliflower, passion fruit
Helped by:
Strawberries, peas, beans, cauliflower, celery, eggplant
Avoid:

Attracts:
Repels: 


 Plantation

Sow and Plant :1.5cm deep. Easy to grow from seeds sown in spring, one-half inch deep and 2 inches apart. Also can be started indoors and moved outside under cloches in early spring.
Keep well watered. Spinach grows tall and goes to seed when days become long and hot. Grow a second crop in the fall.

Germination: 5-12 days

Spacing : Single Plants: 7″ (20cm); Rows: 7″ (20cm) with 11″ (30cm) row gap

Feeding : Not needed for spring crops grown in rich soil, but older plants benefit from feeding with a liquid feed in spring, when they show vigorous new growth.


Harvesting :Pick individual leaves, or allow plants to grow into dense, leafy rosettes.

Yield per 10ft of row: 5 lbs

Time to harvest: 50-70days


Troubleshooting :Slow growth and yellowing leaves indicate nutritional stress. Drench with a water soluble plant food.

Notes :The peas and beans provide natural shade for the spinach. See cauliflower notes regarding mutualism with spinach