Peas

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Pisum Sativum

Petitis pois    Peas   Chicharos   Erbsen

Crop Rotation Group :Leguminosae (Pea and Bean family)peas

Soil :Fertile, well drained soil.

Position : Full sun

Frost tolerant : No


Companionage

Helps: Brassicas, turnip, cauliflower, garlic
Helped by:
Turnip, cauliflower, garlic, mints
Avoid:
Attracts:
Repels:
Colorado potato beetle


 Plantation

Sow and Plant :Soak seeds in water overnight before sowing 2 inches deep and 2 inches apart. Thin plants to proper spacing after the seeds germinate. In well drained soil, peas can be sown outdoors in November, for an early crop.
In spring, wait until the soil is warm to the touch, which will be some time between the middle of March and the middle of May, depending on your soil and where you live. Putting a layer of fleece over the soil in early March will help warm up the soil by as much as a couple of weeks. Make successional sowings every two weeks. Peas sown in cold, wet ground will rot so make sure the soil is warm. In early spring, cover the soil with polythene before sowing and then protect seedlings with fleece.
Sow seed in a single row 5 to 10cm (2 to 4in) apart, ensuring there is enough space for plant supports. Make a single V-shaped drill, 5cm (2in) deep, water the base of the drill and sow the peas. A second row can be added, as long as it’s 30cm (12in) away from the first drill.
It is important to have room to get between the rows to pick – 3ft is probably the minimum and 6ft is ideal. If using the latter spacing, a crop of radish or lettuce can be grown in the gap, to be harvested before you start picking the peas.
Water your peas well after sowing, and then leave them – except in very dry weather – until they flower, when they should have a really good soak to encourage good pod formation. Keep them weeded until well established.
An old gardeners saying that ‘rows should be sown in a North to South direction’

Sowing Indoors:
To grow an early crop, try sowing seeds in a length of old guttering. Drill drainage holes at regular intervals along the base. Fill to the top with seed compost and space the seeds about 7.5cm (3in) apart.
Place the guttering in the greenhouse or cold frame. Keep the compost moist and transplant into the garden once the seedlings have established. Dig out a shallow trench and gently slide the pea seedlings into it.
Support plants with a trellis, which can be made from string, netting, or twiggy sticks pushed into the ground near each plant.

Germination:  6-21 days

Spacing : Single Plants: 3″ (10cm) each way; Rows: 3″ (10cm) with 7″ (20cm) row gap

Feeding : Not usually required if the plants are mulched deeply with grass clippings, shredded leaves, or another biodegradable material.


Harvesting :Pick snow peas when the delicate pods begin to show immature seeds inside. Gather snap peas when the pods become plump yet are still glossy and filled with sweet-tasting peas. Pick shell peas before the pods become waxy.

Yield per 10ft of row: 3lbs

Time to harvest: 45-90days


Troubleshooting :Mature plants usually stop producing and die back in hot summer weather.

Notes :Peas when intercropped with turnips, cauliflower, or garlic showed mutual suppression of growth however their profit per land area used was increased