Okra

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Abelmoschus esculentus

Okra    Okra   Okra   Okra

Crop Rotation Group :MalvaceaeCommunity Gardens

Soil :well-drained and sheltered position; fertile loam, particularly where a nitrogen-fixing crop, such as early peas, grew previously.

Position : full sun

Frost tolerant : 


Companionage

Helps: Sweet potato, tomatoes, peppers; Okra and Sweet Potato are mutually beneficial when planted simultaneously
Helped by:
beans, lettuce, squash, sweet potato, peppers
Avoid:

Attracts:
Repels: 


 Plantation

Sow and Plant :Soak the seeds overnight to encourage germination. Germination 5 to 14 days. Ideal growing temperatures 21 to 32ºC (70 to 90ºF).
In warm climates you can grow outdoors and direct sow the Okra seeds while in cool areas the plants are best grown in the greenhouse or in a sheltered sunny position. In hot summer areas, plant a first crop in the early spring and a second crop in June.
In short-season areas, start plants indoors six weeks before setting them out, three to four weeks after the last frost date.

Sowing Indoors:
Sow seeds indoors in individual pots. Sow two seeds per peat pot and clip off the weaker seedling.
Transplant to larger pots as the plants grow larger.

Sowing Direct:
Sow seeds when the threat of frosts has past and temperatures are reliably around 18ºC (64ºF).
Sow the seeds 1cm (½in) deep in light soil and 2cm (1in) deep in heavy soil; space 7cm (3in) apart in rows 7cm (3in) apart. Thin seedlings to 45 to 60cm (18 to 24in) apart, always leaving the strongest of the young plants.

Germination:  5-14 days

Spacing :

Feeding : Fertilise once a month with a natural fertiliser such as fish emulsion or seaweed, or feed with a compost tea, such as comfrey or nettle.


Harvesting :Pods are ideal when 5 to 10cm long, they get very tough and stringy when over mature. If a few pods slip by you and grow into giants, cut them off to keep them from exhausting the plant. Pick frequently and the plants will keep producing until killed by frost.

Yield per 10ft of row: 5lbs

Time to harvest: 70-90days


Troubleshooting :

Notes :