Brassica juncea

Moutarde    Mustard   Mostaza   Senf

Crop Rotation Group :Brassicas (Cabbage family)mustard

Soil :Fertile, well drained soil.

Position : Full sun to partial afternoon shade.

Frost tolerant : Mustard is cool-season annual that can tolerate light frosts but not hard freezes.


Helps: Beans, broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, fruit trees, grapes, radish, brussels sprouts, turnips
Helped by:
various pests


Sow and Plant :Sow in late summer to use mustard as a short-term fall cover crop. Broadcast seed into cultivated soil so that the seeds are about 2 inches (5 cm) apart and one-half inch (1 cm) deep. Thin to 6 inches (15 cm) apart in all directions.
Irrigation is often needed to get a good stand in dry fall weather.

Germination:  6-10 days

Spacing : Single Plants: 5″ (15cm) each way (minimum); Rows: 5″ (15cm) with 5″ (15cm) row gap

Feeding : None generally needed, because mustard is customarily used as a late summer/fall cover crop to take up nitrogen left in the soil by corn or other vegetables.

Harvesting :You can gather individual leaves for cooking, which taste best after the first frost has passed.
Chop down the green foliage with a hoe and turn it under just before hard freezes are expected. The mustard roots and foliage will rot during the winter months.

Yield per 10ft of row: 4-8lbs

Time to harvest: 40-60days

Troubleshooting :

Notes :Mustard acts as a trap crop in broccoli.
Mustard residue suppresses soil-borne nematodes, so it is an excellent cover crop to grow before potatoes.