Souci Marigold Calendula Ringelblume
Soil :Rich soil that retains moisture well.
Position : A sunny spot that is easily accessed for cutting.
Frost tolerant : Seedlings tolerate light frosts. Established plants may rebloom in late fall if protected from damaging hard freezes.
Helps: most plants, especially tomatoes and peppers, cucurbits (cucumbers, gourds, squash, potatoes, roses, alliums, brassicas, zucchini
Helped by: rose
Attracts: Snails and slugs
Repels: Root-knot nematodes, beet leaf hoppers, cucumber beetle,squash bug, onion fly, cabbage root fly
Sow and Plant :Plant the curled seeds in your garden from early spring onward, or start them indoors and set out the sturdy seedlings. Allow some plants to produce mature seeds to scatter where you want to see calendula seedlings in subsequent seasons.
Spacing :Single Plants: 11″ (30cm) each way; Rows: 9″ (25cm) with 1′ 11″ (60cm) row gap
Feeding : Not usually required.
Harvesting :Cut flowers as soon as they fully open, preferably in late morning, and promptly dry them. Calendulas make marginal cut flowers because they partially close at night. For medicinal use harvest and dry entire calendula flowers. Infuse them in vegetable oil to make a medicinal oil with a long history of use for healing burned or abraded skin.
Calendula blossoms are edible and can be used to bring orange color to rice or potato dishes, or snip them onto soups or salads for extra flavor and nutrition. Use clean scissors to snip off petal tips, and compost the rest.
Time to harvest: days
Troubleshooting :Elderly plants suffer from powdery mildew and other fungal ailments. It’s best to send them to the compost pile and grow fresh replacement plants in a new place.
Notes :Marigolds are a wonder-drug of the companion plant world. French marigolds (T. patula) produce a pesticidal chemical from their roots, so strong it lasts years after they are gone. Mexican marigolds (T. erecta) do the same, but are so strong they will inhibit the growth of some more tender herbs. Stinking Roger (T. minuta) has also been found effective against certain perennial weeds. Same with lupin, planting nearby roses causes them to grow vigorously