Garlic

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Allium sativum

Ail    Garlic   Ajo   Knoblauch

Crop Rotation Group : Allium (Onion family)garlic

Soil : Fertile, well-drained soil with plenty of compost added.

Position : Sunny

Frost tolerant : Yes


 

Companionage

Helps: fruit trees, tomatoes, capsicum, peppers, potatoes, brassicas, carrots
Helped by:
carrots,tomatoes,carrots and African spider plants (Cleome gynandra) together, marigolds (Tagetes ssp),mints
Avoid:
peas, beans
Attracts:
Thrips
Repels:
rabbits, slugs, aphids, carrot-fly, cabbage loopers, cabbage maggots, cabbage worms, Japanese beetles


 

Plantation

Sow and Plant :  In fall, plant individual cloves 4 inches deep with the pointed ends up. Cover the planting with at least 3 inches of mulch.

Germination: 10-14 days

Spacing : Single Plants: 5″ (15cm) each way; Rows: 3″ (10cm) with 7″ (20cm) row gap

Feeding : 


Harvesting : Dig up bulbs in summer when one third of the leaves become dry and lose their green color. Shake off soil, and cure whole plants dry in a warm, shady place for two weeks before trimming and storing the garlic bulbs.

Time to harvest: days


Troubleshooting : Watch for winter weeds. Plants left in the ground too long often have loose bulbs that do not store well.

Notes : Use hardy Rocambole types in cold climates. Where winters are mild, grow heavy-yielding artichoke types. Among the most deer-resistant of all edibles.