Allium sativum

Ail    Garlic   Ajo   Knoblauch

Crop Rotation Group : Allium (Onion family)garlic

Soil : Fertile, well-drained soil with plenty of compost added.

Position : Sunny

Frost tolerant : Yes



Helps: fruit trees, tomatoes, capsicum, peppers, potatoes, brassicas, carrots
Helped by:
carrots,tomatoes,carrots and African spider plants (Cleome gynandra) together, marigolds (Tagetes ssp),mints
peas, beans
rabbits, slugs, aphids, carrot-fly, cabbage loopers, cabbage maggots, cabbage worms, Japanese beetles



Sow and Plant :  In fall, plant individual cloves 4 inches deep with the pointed ends up. Cover the planting with at least 3 inches of mulch.

Germination: 10-14 days

Spacing : Single Plants: 5″ (15cm) each way; Rows: 3″ (10cm) with 7″ (20cm) row gap

Feeding : 

Harvesting : Dig up bulbs in summer when one third of the leaves become dry and lose their green color. Shake off soil, and cure whole plants dry in a warm, shady place for two weeks before trimming and storing the garlic bulbs.

Time to harvest: days

Troubleshooting : Watch for winter weeds. Plants left in the ground too long often have loose bulbs that do not store well.

Notes : Use hardy Rocambole types in cold climates. Where winters are mild, grow heavy-yielding artichoke types. Among the most deer-resistant of all edibles.