Fertilisants Organiques

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Fertilizer – value table

The following table show the nutrient values of different organic fertilizers:

Name/Nom N P K
Bloodmeal/Sang déseché 11 0 0
Human urin 10 1 4
Human faeces 2 1 1
Urin+Faeces 7 1 3
Urea 46 0 0
Guano 15 9 3
Bonemeal/Poudre d’os 5 25 0
Ground horns/Cornes broyées 13 0 0
Phosphate naturel 0 25 0
Patentkali (Mg10) 0 0 30

orgfertilizer

 

 

use urin in a 1:8 solution with water

 

 

 

 

 

Here is a table that compares different fertilizer contents in natural products:

NPK Values
N Nitrogen % P Phosphorus % K Potassium (Potash) %
Cow Manure 0.6 0.4 0.5
Horse Manure 0.7 0.3 0.6
Pig Manure 0.8 0.7 0.5
Chicken Manure 1.1 0.8 0.5
Sheep Manure 0.7 0.3 0.9
Rabbit Manure 2.4 1.4 0.6
Average Home Made Compost 0.5 0.27 0.81
Bloodmeal 12 0 0
Bonemeal 3.5 18 0
Hoof and Horn 12 0 0
Fish, Blood & Bone 6 6 6
Chicken Manure Pellets 4 2.5 2.3

Common Fertilizers

BANANA PEELS  –  Eating a banana helps replenish lost potassium. Roses love potassium too. Simply throw one or two peels in the hole before planting or bury peels under mulch so they can compost naturally. Get bigger and more blooms. I also use banana peels on my vegetables.

 

COFFEE GROUNDS  – Acid-loving plants such as tomatoes, blueberries, roses and azaleas may get a jolt out of coffee grounds mixed into the soil. But more likely it’s the nitrogen that helps. Sprinkled on top of the ground before watering or pour a liquid version on top of the soil. If using as a soil drench, soak 6 cups of coffee grounds in a 5 gallon bucket of water. Let it sit for 2-3 days and then saturate the soil around your plants.

EGG SHELLS  – Wash them first, then crush. Work the shell pieces into the soil near tomatoes and peppers. The calcium helps fend off blossom end rot. Eggshells are 93% calcium carbonate, the same ingredient as lime, a tried and true soil amendment! I use eggshells in my homemade potting mix. This gives me healthy, beautiful fruits fit for seed saving. Get the 7 Secrets to Saving Tomato Seed in the Home Garden.

MOLASSES – Using molasses in compost tea supposedly increases microbes and the beneficial bacteria that microbes feed on. If you want to start out with a simple recipe for molasses fertilizer, mix 1-3 tablespoons of molasses into a gallon of water. Water your plants with this concoction and watch them grow bigger and healthier.

 

MANURE – With a little effort, you’ll find folks that are giving away composted chicken, horse or cow manure for free. Composted and aged manure is best. Add the composted manure to a small permeable bag made from recycled cloth, e.g., a t-shirt or old towel. Let it steep in the shade for a few days and apply it to your soil to condition it before planting. Bury or discard the used bag.

WORM CASTINGS – Make your own worm tea -it’s easy. Start with a handful of red wiggler worms and set them up with some tasty cardboard and kitchen scraps. Learn how. I started about 8 years ago and haven’t stopped since. Check out our video below on composting with worms to see how easy it is to make this amazing fertilizer!

 

 

See more pictures and get many more recipes and tips in this eBook.


 

Pissy – culture

This table shows the applications of urine for different crops and cultivation stages ?Pissy-Culture? Dilute urine in water at 1:8.

 
Application Period Tomato Aubergine Pepper Potato Lettuce Onion
Garlic
Okra Melon Cucumber
2 w after
sowing/planting
0.5L/plant 0.5L/plant 0.6L/plant 2.5L/m² 0.8L/m² 1L/m² 0.5L/plant 0.5L/plant 0.5L/plant
3 weeks later 0.5L/plant 0.7L/plant 0.7L/plant 2.5L/m²
4w later
0.8L/m²
2w later
1L/m²
4w later
0.7L/plant 1L/plant 0.7L/plant
3 weeks later 0.3L/plant 0.3L/plant 0.5L/plant 0.3L/plant 0.5L/plant 0.3L/plant

 

Application Period Cabbage Carrot Millet Sorghum Mango Orange Goyava Papaya Banana
2 w after
sowing/planting
2L/m² 1L/m² 0.8L/m² 0.7L/plant 2L/plant
4x/year
1.5L/plant
4x/year
1L/plant
4x/year
3L/plant
1m after
sowing
3L/plant
1m after
planting
3 weeks later 2L/m² 1.25L/m² 0.7L/plant 0.7L/plant age>4y
6L/plant
4x/year
age>4y
5L/plant
4x/year
age>2y
4L/plant
4x/year
1L/plant
1.5m
later
4L/plant
1.5m
later
3 weeks later 4L/plant
1.5m
later
3L/plant
1.5m
later

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Liquid fertilisers

By Barbara Pleasant

Seedlings don’t need much in the way of nutrients, but if they noticeably darken in color after you feed them with a liquid fertilizer, that’s evidence they had a need that has been satisfied. Liquid fertilizers are also essential to success with container-grown plants, which depend entirely on their growers for moisture and nutrients.

Add the amount of dry ingredients shown in the chart below to a 5-gallon bucket, then add water to fill, and steep for three days. Strain or decant the tea and dilute as shown below. To make fertilizer tea from urine, simply dilute the urine in 20 parts water, and it’s ready to use. Water plants with these solutions no more than once every two weeks.

fertilizertea-table

 

 

 

Following some results of home made fertilisers by the Wood’s End Laboratories:

fertilizertea-tabl1

 

 

 

 

 

Nitrogen helps plants grow new stems and leaves. Phosphorus is essential for vigorous rooting, and is usually in good supply in organically enriched soils. Potassium is the “buzz” nutrient that energizes plants’ pumping mechanisms, orchestrating the opening and closing of leaf stomata and regulating water distribution among cells.

fertilizertea-table2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

fertilizertea-table3

It’s important to relieve drought stress before doling out liquid fertilizer. Watering before you fertilize helps protect plants from taking up too many salts.