Fennel

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Foeniculum vulgare

Fenouil   Fennel  Hinojo   Fenchel

Crop Rotation Group :Umbelliferae (Carrot and root family)fennel

Soil :Rich, well drained soil generously amended with compost. In clay soil, use raised beds.

Position : Full sun.

Frost tolerant : Seedlings are frost tender, but mature plants tolerate light frost.


Companionage

Helps: Dill
Helped by:
Dill
Avoid:
Almost everything
Attracts:
ladybugs, syrphid fly, tachinid fly
Repels:
aphids


 Plantation

Sow and Plant :Start seeds indoors, or sow in shallow furrows filled with potting soil. Thin seedlings to 12 inches apart when they are 3 weeks old. Chop the pulled seedlings into salads.
When the bulb is the size of an egg, surround it with 6 inches of loose mulch to help it plump up.

Germination:  days

Spacing : Single Plants: 11″ (30cm) each way; Rows: 9″ (25cm) with 1′ 1″ (35cm) row gap

Feeding : Feed every 3 weeks with a liquid organic fertilizer, and use a rich, biodegradable mulch such as grass clippings.


Harvesting :Snip tender young leaves as needed in the kitchen. When the bulbs reach 3 inches in diameter, pull them and store in the refrigerator.

Time to harvest: days


Troubleshooting :Grows best in cool weather. In some climates, fennel grows better in fall than in spring.

Notes :Fennel is allelopathic to most garden plants, inhibiting growth, causing to bolt, or actually killing many plants. When growing together a higher ratio of fennel to dill provides the highest profit. Dill has a stabilizing effect on the fennel seed. Because it attracts syrphidae it reduces aphids through predation