Cucumber

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CUCUMIS SATIVUS

Concombre    Cucumber   Pepino   Gurke

Crop Rotation Group :Cucurbits (Squash family)cucumber

Soil :Well-drained soil enriched with plenty of compost.

Position : Full sun.

Frost tolerant : No


Companionage

Helps: Beans, kohlrabi, lettuce
Helped by:
Kohlrabi, nasturtiums, radishes, marigolds, sunflowers, peas, beans, chamomile, beets, carrots, dill, onions, garlic,amaranth (Amaranthus cruentus), celery, Malabar spinach
Avoid:
Potato, aromatic herbs
Attracts:
Beneficial for ground beetles
Repels:
raccoons, ants


 Plantation

Sow and Plant :Easily grown from seeds sown directly in the ground, or start seeds indoors and set plants out when they are 3 weeks old.
Use a trellis to save space, or you can let cucumbers ramble over mulched ground.

Germination:  3-12 days

Spacing : Single Plants: 1′ 11″ (60cm) each way; Rows: 1′ 11″ (60cm) with 1′ 11″ (60cm) row gap

Feeding : Drench with a liquid organic fertilizer when plants begin to bloom heavily.


Harvesting :Pick cucumbers at least every other day by snipping them from the vine with pruning shears. Many varieties are extremely productive. Fruits with hard seeds inside are overripe.

Yield per 10ft (3m) rows: 10lbs

Time to harvest: 50-80 days

 


Troubleshooting :Cucumber beetles transmit an incurable disease called bacterial wilt. Exclude them with floating rowcovers

Notes : Sow 2 or 3 radish seeds in with cucumbers to repel cucumber beetles. One study showed a 75% reduction in cucumber beetles with the concurrent seeding of amaranth. Various sprays from lettuce, asparagus, Malabar spinach, and celery were found to reduce whiteflies.