Corn

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Zea mays

Maïs    Corn   Maiz   Mais

Crop Rotation Group :Miscellaneouscorn

Soil :Warm, well-drained soil enriched with composted manure or other rich compost.

Position : Full sun.

Frost tolerant : No.


Companionage

Helps: Beans, cucurbits, soybeans, tomatoes
Helped by:
Sunflowers, dill, beans, peas, soybeans etc., peanuts, cucurbits, clover, amaranth, white geranium, pigweed, lamb’s quarters, morning glory, parsley, and potato, field mustard, Sudan grass
Avoid:
Tomato, celery
Attracts:
Repels:


 Plantation

Sow and Plant :Wait until the soil is warm to sow sweet corn. Soak seeds in water overnight before planting them 1 inch deep and 6 inches apart. Thin to 12 inches apart when the plants are 6 inches tall.
Plant in blocks of at least 15 plants, all the same variety, to insure good wind pollination. Keep well watered in dry spells.

Germination:  3-12 days

Spacing : Single Plants: 1′ 1″ (35cm) each way; Rows: 11″ (30cm) with 1′ 5″ (45cm) row gap

Feeding : Needs more nitrogen than other vegetables. Mix an organic fertilizer into the soil before planting, following label application rates. When tassels form, feed plants second time.


Harvesting :Sweet corn is ready when the ears feel firm and full when grasped, and a test kernel pierced with a fingernail released milky juice. Harvest in the morning, and promptly refrigerate ears to help them hold their delicate sugars.

Yield per 10ft (3m) rows: 11-13 ears

Time to harvest: 65-110 days


Troubleshooting :Corn earworms often feed in ear tips. Snap off the damaged part as you husk your sweet cork. Sweet corn germinates poorly in cold soil.

Notes :Provides beans with a trellis, is protected from predators and dryness by cucurbits, in the three sisters. Soybeans deter chinch bugs.