Chives

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Allium schoenoprasum

Ciboulette    Chives   Cebollino   Schnittlauch

Crop Rotation Group :Allium (Onion family)chives

Soil :Average, well drained

Position : Full sun to partial afternoon shade.

Frost tolerant : Very cold hardy. Becomes dormant in winter.


Companionage

Helps: fruit trees, tomatoes, capsicum, peppers, potatoes, brassicas, carrots
Helped by:
carrots,tomatoes,carrots and African spider plants (Cleome gynandra) together, marigolds (Tagetes ssp),mints
Avoid:
peas, beans
Attracts:
Thrips
Repels:
rabbits, slugs, aphids, carrot-fly, cabbage loopers, cabbage maggots, cabbage worms, Japanese beetles


 Plantation

Sow and Plant :Start with a purchased clump, or start seeds indoors and set out while the soil is still cool. Established clumps can be dug and divided in spring or in fall. Divide chive clumps every 2 to 3 years. Protect chives from direct sun in hot climates with shade cloth.

Germination:  10-14 days

Spacing : Single Plants: 7″ (20cm) each way (minimum)
Rows: 5″ (15cm) with 9″ (25cm) row gap (minimum)

Feeding : If desired, drench with a liquid organic fertilizer in spring, after new growth appears, and again in late summer.


Harvesting : Use scissors to gather handfuls of leaves from early spring onward. Rinse, pat dry, and snip or cut into smaller pieces.
Established plants a year old or more can withstand regular harvest. Snip the tops of leaves after leaves reach 4 inches tall or more. Harvest from the base of leaves to avoid plants with cut tops. Stop harvest 3 weeks before the first frost date to allow plants to flower and the clump to expand.

Time to harvest: Chives are ready for cut-and-come-again harvest 75 to 90 days after sowing, 60 days after transplanting.


Troubleshooting :Can be invasive in cold climates. Snip off flowers to prevent unwanted reseeding.

Notes :Established clumps produce beautiful pink flowers in late spring.