Carrots

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Daucus carota 

Carottes    Carots   Zanahorias   Karotten

Crop Rotation Group :Umbelliferae (Carrot and root family)carrot

Soil :Well drained soil rich in organic matter, but with no manure added prior to planting. Use well aged compost or vermicompost to condition compacted soil.

Position : Sun or partial afternoon shade.

Frost tolerant : Tops tolerate light frost; roots survive hard freezes.


Companionage

Helps: Tomatoes, alliums, beans, leeks, lettuce, onions, passion fruit
Helped by:
Lettuce, chives, leeks, onions, shallots, etc. rosemary, wormwood, sage, beans, flax
Avoid:
Dill, parsnip, radish
Attracts:
assassin bug, lacewing, parasitic wasp, yellow jacket and other predatory wasps
Repels:
leek moth, onion fly


 Plantation

Sow and Plant :Sow direct into soil in spring. Make a second sowing for a fall crop in mid to late summer.

Germination: 6-10 days

Spacing : Single Plants: 3″ (10cm) each way; Rows: 3″ (10cm) with 5″ (15cm) row gap

Feeding : Soil quality is more essential that supplemental feeding.


Harvesting :Can be harvested over a long period, but the longer plants are left in the ground, the more likely they are to be injured by insects or animals.

Yield per 10ft (3m) rows: 10lbs

Time to harvest: 60-100 days


Troubleshooting :Viruses, nematodes, and soil-borne diseases can cause roots to become gnarled or misshapen. Try fast-maturing varieties to sidestep these problems.

Notes :

Keep plants well weeded to reduce competition for nutrients are water. Mulch over the tops of mature carrots to keep their shoulders from turning green.
Tomatoes grow better with carrots, but may stunt the carrots’ growth. Beans provide the nitrogen carrots need more than some other vegetables. Aromatic companion plants repel carrot fly. Sage, rosemary, and radishes are recommended by some as companion plants, but listed by others as incompatible. Alliums inter-planted with carrots confuse onion and carrot flies. For the beneficial insect-attracting properties of carrots to work, they need to be allowed to flower; Otherwise, use the wild carrot, Queen Anne’s Lace, for the same effect. Flax produces an oil that may protect root vegetables like carrots from some pests.