Brassica oleracea

Broccoli    Broccoli   Brocoli   Broccoli

Crop Rotation Group :Brassicas (Cabbage family)broccoli

Soil :Rich, deep soil, firm with plenty of well rotted compost, composted manure, or balanced organic fertilizer dug in prior to planting.

Position : Full sun.

Frost tolerant : Yes


Helps: Lettuce
Helped by:
Mixture of mustard, pac choi, and rape. Beets, dill lettuce, mustard, onions, tomato, turnip, clover
Mustards, nightshades (tomatoes, peppers, etc.), pole beans, strawberries


Sow and Plant :Sow indoors in early spring, and set out while the soil is still cool. Sow fall broccoli indoors in summer, and set out when the plants are 3 weeks old.

Germination: 4-10 days

Spacing : Single Plants: 1′ 5″ (45cm) each way; Rows: 1′ 5″ (45cm) with 1′ 5″ (45cm) row gap

Feeding : Mix composted manure or another high-nitrogen compost into the soil before planting. When heads begin to form, feed with a liquid plant food.

Harvesting :Broccoli that matures in cool fall weather has an especially tender texture with sweet flavor to match.
Use a sharp knife to harvest the primary head when the beads are plump and well-filled. Many varieties produce numerous smaller side shoots after the primary head is cut.

Yield per 10ft (3m) rows: 10lbs

Time to harvest: 60-80 days

Troubleshooting :Cabbage worms are small green larvae of the cabbage white butterfly. You can use row covers to keep them from eating plants. Thyme, nasturtiums, and onion showed good resistance to cabbage worm, weevil and cabbage looper.

Notes :Broccoli as a main crop intercropped with lettuce was shown to be more profitable than either crop alone. Turnip acts as a trap crop