Beets

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Beta Vulgaris  

Betteraves    Beets   Remolacha   Rote Beete

Crop Rotation Group :Chenopodiaceae (Beet family)beet

Soil :Rich, well drained soil that holds moisture well.

Position : Sun or partial shade.

Frost tolerant : Yes.


Companionage

Helps: Broccoli, bush beans, cabbage, lettuce, kohlrabi, onions, brassicas, passion fruit
Helped by:
bush beans, onions, kohlrabi, catnip, garlic, lettuce, most brassicas, mint
Avoid:
Runner or pole beans
Attracts:
Repels:


 Plantation

Sow and Plant :Sow in mid-spring, at about the time apple trees bloom. Sow fall crops in mid to late summer. Thin seedlings to at least 5 inches apart to grow large roots.
The seeds require plenty of moisture to germinate. Soaking them in warm water for an hour or two prior to planting is a great way to speed up germination. Prevent a glut when planting beetroot by sowing your seed in stages, a small batch at a time every couple of weeks will give a continuous harvest.

Germination:  10-14 days

Spacing : 5″ (15cm) each way;Rows: 3″ (10cm) with 7″ (20cm) row gap.
Each seed is actually a multi-celled capsule, so you may need small scissors to thin plants to proper spacing. Weed carefully, and mulch between plants to deter weeds. Baby beet greens often are included in salad mixes.

Feeding : Rarely required.


Harvesting :Harvest young leaves for salad greens as you thin young plants. Pull roots when they become plump. To keep through winter, harvest plants, cut off the tops, and keep in a cool root cellar or refrigerator.

Yield per 10ft (3m) rows: 10lbs

Time to harvest: 60-110 days


Troubleshooting :Boron deficiency is sometimes seen in root vegetable crops. This causes leaf yellowing and scorching. It is very rare if general purpose fertiliser is used that includes trace elements such as boron, magnesium, manganese, iron and molybdenum.
Fungal leaf spots and rust sometimes occur on beetroot leaves. These are worse when plants are poorly grown (lack of sun, water and nutrients) or planted at the wrong time of year. Avoid growing beetroot during most humid time of the year in tropical regions, improve air circulation, reduce nitrogen applications and avoid excessive wetting of the foliage. Apply seaweed sprays to build disease resistance and supply trace elements.
Slugs or snails may eat the leaves. Repellent molasses or chilli spray, a sprinkling of Derris dust or barriers and traps to control slugs and snails may be required in extreme cases.

Notes :Good for adding minerals to the soil through composting leaves which have up to 25% magnesium.