Bean, Lima

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Phaseolus lunatus

Haricots de Lima   Lima Beans   Habas   Limabohnen

Crop Rotation Group :Legumes (Pea and Bean family)Limabeans

Soil :Average, well drained soil.

Position : Full sun

Frost tolerant : Warm-season annuals, cannot tolerate frost.


Companionage

Helps: Beets, lettuce, okra, potato, spinach, dill, cabbage, carrots, chards, eggplant, peas, tomatoes, brassicas, corn, cucumbers, grapes
Helped by:
Summer savory, beets, cucumbers, borage, cabbage, carrots, cauliflower, corn, larkspur, lovage, marigolds, mustards, radish, potato, peppermint, rosemary, lettuce, onion, squash, lacy phacelia
Avoid:
Tomatoes, chili peppers, alliums, gladiolas
Attracts:
Snails and slugs
Repels:
Colorado potato beetle


 Plantation

Sow and Plant :Plant seeds 2 inches deep and 4 inches apart two weeks or more after the last frost has passed. Grow pole varieties in warm climates, but stick with faster-maturing bush varieties where summers are short.

Germination:  5-8 days

Spacing : Single Plants: 9″ (25cm) each way;Rows: 5″ (15cm) with 1′ 1″ (35cm) row gap

Feeding : Mix an organic fertilizer into the soil before planting, using rates given on the label. Supplemental fertilizer seldom required.


Harvesting :For fresh eating, gather pods when they feel well-filled with seeds, and are slightly leathery. Limas for dry storage can be left on the plants until they change from green to tan.

Time to harvest: days


Troubleshooting :Slow growth due to cool temperatures is common, but pest problems are rare. Lima beans are easy to grow in warm climates.

Notes :Hosts nitrogen-fixing bacteria, a good fertilizer for some plants, too much for others. Rosemary and peppermint extracts are used in organic sprays for beans. Summer savory and potatoes repel bean beetles.
Lima beans need plenty of hot weather. They are most productive in warm climates.