Asperagus

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Asperagus officinalis

Asperges    Asperagus   Espárragos   Spargel

Crop Rotation Group :Miscellaneousasperagus

Soil :Fertile, well drained, and free of persistent weeds.

Position : Full sun to partial afternoon shade.

Frost tolerant : Long-lived hardy perennial. Beds can produce for decades.


Companionage

Helps: Tomatoes, parsley
Helped by:
Aster Family flowers, dill, coriander, tomatoes, parsley, basil, comfrey, marigolds, nasturtiums
Avoid:
onion, garlic, potatoes, gladiolas
Attracts:
coupled with basil seems to encourage lady bugs
Repels:


 Plantation

Sow and Plant :Set out dormant 1-year old roots, called crowns, in late winter or early spring. A few varieties can be grown from seed.

Germination: 14-54 days.

Spacing : Single Plants: 1′ 5″ (45cm) each way;Rows: 1′ 5″ (45cm) with 1′ 5″ (45cm) row gap

Feeding : 


Harvesting :Begin gathering spears the second year after planting, cutting all spears that appear for a month in early spring. In subsequent years, harvest for 6 weeks each spring.

Yield per 10ft (3m) rows: 3-4lbs

Time to harvest: 3 years


Troubleshooting :Cutting new shoots just below the surface often helps control problems with asparagus beetles, which often lay their eggs on tender shoots near the soil line.

Notes :After the stems die back in early winter, cut them off at ground level and compost them. Remove weeds, apply compost and mulch, and your yearly maintenance is done.