Animal husbandry – Elevage d’animaux

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Antifreez water for animals

watertiresThe past few winters have been brutally cold on our homestead in northeastern Pennsylvania. The frigid temperatures have caused my goats’ water buckets to freeze solid in just a few hours. I don’t have electricity in the pasture to supply heated buckets for the animals, so I needed a low-tech, inexpensive way to keep the water from freezing so fast.

My husband stacked two 14-inch tires together, drilled holes through the sidewalls, and connected them with bolts. He used large washers to prevent the bolts from pulling through. We had some leftover spray foam insulation from a previous project, so we used it to fill the tires to the edge of the top bead. After the foam cured, we trimmed it flush to allow our 4-1⁄2-gallon water bucket to sit securely inside the protective tires. The rim of the water bucket, being a little wider than the tire opening, allowed the bucket to stay suspended within the tires. A small amount of space remained between the ground and the bucket, so I filled it with a piece of leftover Styrofoam packing material for additional insulation.

The insulated tires have worked wonderfully. The black tires and bucket absorb the sun’s warmth during the day. Even on frigid days, only a thin layer of ice forms on top of the water, which isn’t enough to prevent the goats (or birds!) from drinking. This season, I plan to place a buoyant object into the bucket — such as some kind of thick ball that the goats won’t be able to bite — to cause enough agitation on the water’s surface to prevent ice from forming altogether.

Nanobio for animals

animals

Additive for feeding
1. Horses, sheep, goats: 3% Nanobio in dry food
2. Dogs: 1Ts to 1Tbs Nanobio/day in water/food depending on size
3. Cats: 1Ts Nanobio/day
4. Hamsters: few drops Nanobio/day
5. Birds: 1drop Nanobio in water + 1 EMx ceramic pipe in water


 manureNanobio for manure treatment

Calculate 1L Nanobio/10m³ manure.
Good to add ultra-fine rock dust, liquid germanium.
Add the Nanobio before spreading on soil.
Spray stables with Nanobio to prevent flies; and spray animals to prevents smell and sickness.


 petsNanobio for pets

Pet Odor:
If the animal itself smells, such as when dogs get wet, you can simply spray the animal with a
1:10 dilution of Nanobio to water. Or, you can add about 1/4 cup of Nanobio to some bath water for
the animal.

Urine and Feces
Soak the area with a 1:10 dilution of Nanobio to water. After it dries, if there is
still some odour, simply apply once more.

Skunk:
If the 1:10 dilution doesn’t work, feel free to put it on undiluted.

Litter Box or cages (hamsters, rats, etc.)  add about 2 cups of Nanobio Bran Bokashi to fresh
litter. It will control the smell of urine and feces.


Chickens

You may want to have chicken for eggs, meat, pest control or pets. There are chicken who lay eggs and can be raised for meet; but if they concentrate on egg laying, the meat tends to be less good.
…use them as weeders in mobile chicken tractor and move it around the garden in the pre-planting phase

Keeping Chickens

chickenby Paul Wheaton from Permies
Chickens are originally djungle animals; this environment is the baseline on which to measure the technique you use to keep chickens.
There a basically 6 ways to keep chicken: factory, coop & run, chicken tractor, truly free range, pastured poultry pens, pastured poultry paddocks.
All of the above ways need to consider that chicken need access to fresh vegetation, insects, hygiene; and consider also how much work goes into the chicken coop, can i provide a natural habitat or confinement, how much does food cost?
The reality shows that « coop & run » score much like factories (heavy confinement, little nature, little hygiene, much work…).  Even if you give a good run, the chicken will eat EVERYTHING in half a day…Chicken tractors are not that good because typically there are too many chickens in too little a tractor; and they are kept until they have eaten everything to the bare ground (which by then is covered with poop)…
Joes Salatin’s pens: 10ft x 20ft big, move the pen 2x/day, cuts the feed bill by 20%. This is better in almost all points than tractors, except the work factor.
Truly free range scores best in all aspects from natural habitat through workload to hygiene and food cost – but still they ruin stuff like trees. They take over ANY space, you cannot protect your property and you don’t find the eggs. Chickens are very much exposed to predators.

chickenpaddockThe best solution could be the paddocks shift system with the coop in the center. The chicken spend 7 to 10 before they move to the next paddock. The time sequence is up when the chicken have eaten around 30% of the living plants. In this way each paddock gets >28days of rest before the next assault. The paddocks are famous for getting 5x more vegetation than similar areas. The fences of the system may be portable.
All aspects are fulfilled – even the food cost factor!

 

Heritage Breeds

by Jeannette Beranger from Livestock Conservancy

Temperature dependencieschanteclair
Combs
helps them to radiate heat, so they are suited for warmer climates; the smaller the comb the better suited for colder climates (like Chanteclair). Bigger birds tolerate generally better cold temperature.

Breeds

  • Sussex – meat and eggs, 150 eggs/year
  • Buff Orpington – easy to start with and handle
  • Dorking – better meat than eggs
  • Cornish – meat only, very good for cold climates
  • Campine – 200 eggs/year, non sitters
  • Polish –  non sitters, 150-230 eggs/year
  • Faverolle – 150-180 eggs/year, excellent sitters, needs lots of room
  • Andalusian – hot climate, needs lots of room, good egglayers
  • Buttercup – non broody, 140-180 eggs/year
  • Dominique – good egg layer, premier homestead fowl
  • Buckeye – most active forager
  • Chantecler – good for cold climate, good winter layer
  • Brahma – good winter layer (most eggs from october to may), cool climates
  • Cochin – very gentle temperament, need lots of room, good beginner choice
  • Lanshan – very tall, good egg layers (lilac), does will in heat
  • Malay – good meat, often aggressive, need space
  • Sumatra – survivor, 150-200 eggs/year, good breeders
  • Old English – good for meat, aggressive during breeding
  • Sebright – mild mannered and small, good quantity of tiny eggs
  • Araucana – blue eggs, not so many
  • Americana – many blue eggs

 

Ducks

The moskhakicampbellt productive fowl is the Khaki Campbell Duck which lays 320 eggs per year, bigger of course than chicken eggs.

 

Goatsgoats
… are desert makers, they eat everything down to the ground; and they are long to milk.